Chaucer, Geoffrey


Chaucer, Geoffrey
► (1340-1400) Poeta inglés. Autor de obras poéticas, como El libro de la duquesa (1369). Su obra maestra es Los cuentos de Canterbury (1386-1400), narraciones inspiradas en el Decamerón.

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( 1342/43, ¿Londres?, Inglaterra–25 oct. 1400, Londres).

Poeta inglés. Nacido de una familia de clase media, fue cortesano, diplomático, funcionario civil y poeta de vocación. Gozó del favor real de tres monarcas durante su activa y variada carrera. Dedicó a la duquesa de Lancaster su primer poema importante, Libro de la duquesa (1369/70), una elegía en que se describe una visión onírica. En la década de 1380 produjo obras de mayor madurez, entre ellas El parlamento de las aves, una visión onírica con ocasión del día de San Valentín, donde relata una asamblea de aves en que estas eligen a sus parejas; el magnífico romance trágico en verso Troilo y Criseida, y la visión onírica La leyenda de las mujeres virtuosas (sin terminar). Su obra más conocida, Cuentos de Canterbury (escrita entre 1387–1400), que no llegó a terminar, es una intrincada narración conversacional que cuenta lo que conversan varios peregrinos que se dirigen al santuario de santo Tomás Becket, en Canterbury, como recurso para enmarcar un gran número de historias; no sólo es una de las obras literarias más famosas del medioevo inglés, sino también una de las grandes creaciones de la literatura inglesa. En esta y otras obras, Chaucer estableció el dialecto sureño como la lengua literaria de Inglaterra. Es considerado el primer gran poeta inglés.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • CHAUCER, GEOFFREY° — (1340?–1400), English poet. His major work, The Canterbury Tales, written during the final phase of his career (c. 1390), includes one story based on a blood libel . The Prioress s Tale, which reflects contemporary prejudices, is the story of a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chaucer, Geoffrey — • Summary of the author s life and literary contributions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chaucer, Geoffrey — born с 1342/43, London?, Eng. died Oct. 25, 1400, London English poet. Of middle class birth, he was a courtier, diplomat, and civil servant, trusted by three kings in his active and varied career, and a poet only by avocation. His first… …   Universalium

  • Chaucer, Geoffrey — (ca. 1343–1400)    Geoffrey Chaucer was the most admired and influential writer of the English Middle Ages. Known chiefly as a narrative poet, particularly for his varied collection of CANTERBURY TALES (ca. 1387–1400) and his tragic verse ROMANCE …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Chaucer, Geoffrey — (1340? 1400)    Poet, was b. in London, the s. of John C., a vintner of Thames Street, who had also a small estate at Ipswich, and was occasionally employed on service for the King (Edward III.), which doubtless was the means of his son s… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Chaucer, Geoffrey — (?1340 1400)    Little is known about Chaucer s life but that he was the son of a rich London wine merchant and that he was a page in the household of Prince Lionel, later duke of Clarence, for many years. In 1359 60 he was with the army of… …   British and Irish poets

  • Chaucer, Geoffrey — (ca. 1340 1400)    The greatest poet of medieval English literature, and the first widely influential poet since Anglo Saxon times to write mainly in English rather than French. He is enduringly famous as the author of the Canterbury Tales, a… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Chaucer,Geoffrey — Chau·cer (chôʹsər), Geoffrey. 1340? 1400. English poet regarded as the greatest literary figure of medieval England. His works include The Book of the Duchess (1369), Troilus and Criseyde (c. 1385), and his masterwork, The Canterbury Tales (1387… …   Universalium

  • CHAUCER, GEOFFREY —    the great early English poet, and father of English poetry, the son of a vintner and taverner, born probably in London, where he lived almost all his days; when a lad, served as page in the royal household; won the favour and patronage of the… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Chaucer — Chaucer, Geoffrey …   Enciclopedia Universal


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